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Software for Digital Scholarship

Information about DiSC-supported software for the collection, processing, analysis or display of numeric, text, or geospatial data

At its most basic level, a network is any connection to anything else. In order for a network to be meaningful, it has to be a system of elements or entities that are connected by relationships. These relationships are the defining feature of networks, as opposed to content or components. People study networks because they believe that the network itself is in some way significant and that the parts that make up the network are interdependent, not independent. Network analysis can be used to identify emerging patterns within a dataset. One kind of network analysis is social network analysis, which analyzes social structures through the use of networks.  

Network Analysis Tools

Gephi. Gephi is a software for network analysis and data visualization and enables users to explore, analyze, spatialize, filter, cluster, manipulate, and export all types of networks. Some of the metrics Gephi offers are between centrality, closeness, diameter, clustering coefficient, pagerank, community detection/modularity, random generators, and shortest path. This platform also enables users to visualize how networks changed over time by manipulating an embedded timeline. 

Palladio. Created by a team at Stanford University, Palladio is a user-friendly tool for conducting network and spatial analyses. To create a Palladio project, users can copy and paste spreadsheets; drag-and-drop to upload tabular data; or to link to a file in a public Dropbox folder. Data can be visualized in several ways: as a map, graph, table, or gallery. 

See these complete guides:

Tools for Citation Analysis

  • Sci2 (Science of Science Tool). A modular toolset specifically designed for the study of science. It supports the temporal, geospatial, topical, and network analysis and visualization of scholarly datasets
  • VOS Viewer. A software tool for constructing and visualizing bibliometric networks, this software allows users to primarily create node networks and heat maps. It is available as a free download or can be launched directly from their website
  • CiteNetExplorer. A software tool for citation analysis and visualizations from the Centre of Science and Technology Studies (CWTS)
  • Local Citation Network. This web-based tool utilizes digital object identifiers (DOIs) to generate like citations and visualizations from cited references in Microsoft Academic and Crossref

Additional Free Tools

  • Cytoscape. Originally designed to be used for biological research, Cytoscape is now used for complex network analysis and visualization. Use Cytoscape for data integration, analysis, and visualization
  • GraphViz. This visualization tool represents structural information as diagrams of abstract graphs and networks
  • Kumu. Kumu allows you to map the relationships between people, systems, and concepts. You are able to import your data and/or build networks using live data, use built-in metrics to identify key elements and connections, and customize your visualizations with dropdowns, buttons, text, images, and more
  • Nodegoat. Nodegoat is a web-based tool that enables you to create and manage datasets. You can instantly analyze and visualize datasets and create relational, geographical, and temporal attributes
  • NodeXL. An add-in for Windows versions of Excel to do network graphs. It is a project from the Social Media Research Foundation and is optimal for social media analysis. Allows general network visualization, grouping, and basic analyses (e.g., density, degree)

For a comprehensive review of major social network analysis and visualization tools, see Top 30 Social Network Analysis & Visualization Tools.