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EFHP 860: Critical Perspectives in Exercise, Fitness, and Health Promotion

Scoping Reviews

PCC - Population, Concept, Context (Example)


Topic: Models of nurse-led care in chronic disease in high-income countries

Primary review questions:

  • What nurse-led models of care are used to manage chronic disease in high-income countries?
  • What chronic diseases have been managed using nurse-led models in high-income countries?
PCC element Definition (per JBI Reviewer's Manual Ch. 11) Example

"Important characteristics of participants, including age and other qualifying criteria."

You may not need to include this element unless your question focuses on a specific condition or cohort.


"The core concept examined by the scoping review should be clearly articulated to guide the scope and breadth of the inquiry. This may include details that pertain to elements that would be detailed in a standard systematic review, such as the "interventions" and/or "phenomena of interest" and/or "outcomes"."

Use the ideas from your primary questions to determine your concept.

Chronic disease

Nurse-led care models

Context "May include... cultural factors such as geographic location and/or specific racial or gender-based interests. In some cases, context may also encompass details about the specific setting." High income countries

* NA here, as our example considers chronic diseases broadly, not a specific condition/population - such as women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.

SOURCE: University of South Australia. Apply PCC.

PCC - Population, Concept, Context

Source: Colquhoun, Heather. Current Best Practices for the Conduct of Scoping Reviews.