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EFHP 860: Critical Perspectives in Exercise, Fitness, and Health Promotion

Scoping Reviews

Scoping Review Protocol

Protocol: The protocol is a work plan that outlines the methodology of the scoping review. The JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis states that protocol should:

  • Pre-defines the objectives, methods, and reporting of the review and allows for transparency of the process. 
  • Detail the criteria that the reviewers intend to use to include and exclude sources of evidence
  • Identify what data is relevant, and how the data will be extracted and presented

The protocol provides the plan for the scoping review and is important in limiting the occurrence of reporting bias.

Source: Peters MDJ, Godfrey C, McInerney P, Munn Z, Tricco AC, Khalil, H. Chapter 11: Scoping Reviews (2020 version). In: Aromataris E, Munn Z (Editors). JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis, JBI, 2020. Available from

Registering a Protocol

Scoping reviews protocols are not eligible for registration in PROSPERO (international database of prospectively registered systematic reviews with a health-related outcome). However, scoping reviews can be registered in the Open Science Framework ( See the page "Getting Started with OSF" created by Data & Digital Scholarship Services:

Examples of Protocols

Mordiffi, Siti Zubaidah1,2; Peters, Micah D.J.3; Ang, Emily N.K.1 The use of non-invasive thermometers in healthcare facilities: a scoping review protocol, JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports: November 2016 - Volume 14 - Issue 11 - p 106-112
doi: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003173 (

Tricco AC, Zarin W, Lillie E, et al. Utility of social media and crowd-sourced data for pharmacovigilance: a scoping review protocol BMJ Open 2017;7:e013474. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013474 (