These are some common purposes for data visualization:
Comparison | Distribution | Location | Part-to-Whole | Pattern | Relationship | Trend over Time
See the Chart Choosers below to find the chart that fits your purpose.
|Chart Chooser||Ann K Emery||(interactive) Focused collection with commentary and resources. See her design process.|
|Visual Vocabulary||Financial Times||Nice poster with a well-organized large collection. Web page has resources and translations.The poster that inspired it cannot be seen well without purchase.
See examples in Tableau
|The Data Visualization Catalogue||Severino Ribecca||(interactive) Large collection of all visualizations, plus description, details "anatomy", similar charts, and relevant software/tools|
|Chart Chooser||Kagen Quiballo||A small collection of the most popular charts organized by name and goal, with links to videos about creating in Tableau and Excel.|
|Data Viz Project||ferdio||(interactive) Large collection of all visualizations with filters by data structure|
|from Data to Viz||Yan Holtz & Conor Healy||(interactive) Medium collection of graph types with filters by data structure or purpose, and links to R and Python galleries.|
|Chartopedia||AnyChart JS Library||(interactive) Includes example with complete html, css, data, and javscript|
|Chart Chooser||Tableau||(interactive) Includes downloadable Tableau workbook and instructions|
|Chooser for Trends||MetaPraxix||Focused collection with typical challenges for trends.|
|Infographic Taxonomy||Frederik Ruys, Vizualism||Matrix for infographics that express a combination of the questions Who, When, Where, What, How, and How Much.|
|Qualitative Chart Chooser||Stephanie Evergreen||Matrix of non-typical chart types and purposes (i.e., no bar charts)|