Both peer-reviewed and refereed journals ARE scholarly journals. The difference lies mainly in the way article review is conducted and the intended audience of a journal.
- Articles in a peer-reviewed journal must pass the strict review of three or more "peers" who are experts in the field or on the research topic of the article.
- Audience of the article is always the scholarly reader.
- Articles in a refereed journal have to be reviewed by "referees" who are experts in the field who are not members of the editorial staff or board.
- Refereed articles are not as rigorously evaluated as peer-reviewed articles.
- In many cases the article has been subjected to a blind review process by one or more external readers who are not associated with the editorial board of the journal.
- Audience of the article may be the scholarly reader OR the general public.