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George Mason University Infoguides | University Libraries
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Resources for Economic research

Write and Cite

Basic APA Format
Your paper should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font.

For references: 

  • Only include the issue number if every issue starts on page 1
  • Only capitalize the first letter of the first word, proper nouns, or words following punctuation. Do not capitalize every word in the article title.
  • APA requires the the DOI or the words Retrieved from followed by the journal's url.

In-text Citations
Reference citations in text are covered on pages 169-179 of the Publication Manual. What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.

For specific examples  of how to create in-text citations use the Purdue Owl APA Citations: The Basics

If a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is provided, you must include it in your citation. If a DOI is not provided use the journal's url.  See examples below:

Cite an article with a DOI

Cite an article without a DOI

Cite a Book

How to Cite Business Databases (from Michigan State Libraries)

Great resource for examples of citing Business resources, which often contain content other than articles.