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Intersectionality 101

A research guide to support the Women and Gender Studies Intersectionality 101 Workshops.

Kimberlé Crenshaw


  • Coined the term “intersectionality” 

  • Currently hosts a podcast called "Intersectionality Matters!” where she examines the intersectionality of current events 

Resources at GMU Libraries

Patricia Hill Collins


  • Her book, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment (1990), emphasized the perspectives of black women 

  • Co-Authored a book titled Intersectionality (2016/2020) with Sirma Bilge, an introduction to the theory  

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Patricia Williams


In her book Alchemy of Race and Rights: Diary of a Law Professor (1991), Williams became one of the first to bring intersectionality out of the legal realm by using a variety of methods and texts in her analysis. 

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Alice Walker


  • Known for her novels, poems, and short stories that center the experiences of black women 

  • Most famous work: The Color Purple (1982) 

  • Coined the term “womanist” 

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Angela Davis


  • Political activist, scholar, and author 

  • Women, Race, and Class (1981), examines the women’s liberation movement from abolition to the 1980’s and how it has always been hindered by the racist and classist biases within the movement.  

  • Known for many more books, publications, and political acts  

Resources at GMU libraries

Audre Lorde


  • Self-described as “black, lesbian, mother, warrior, poet” 

  • Member of the Combahee River Collective 

  • Famous works include: Power (1978), “The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House” (1984) 

Resources at GMU libraries

Gloria Anzaldúa


  • Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza (1987) 

  • Chicana cultural theory, feminist theory, and queer theory 

  • Chicana feminism is a type of feminism that confronts racism, sexism, homophobia, class inequalities and other inequities and is deeply informed by the identity of “Chicana.” Chicana refers to women of Mexican descent who are born and/or raised in the United States.  

Resources at GMU Libraries