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Citing Data

This guide provides guidance on how to construct a citation for datasets or statistics.

Data Citation Guides

Helpful Hint:  Many data sources will include recommendations on how to cite their data.  When retrieving data or statistical tables, look for instructions on "How to Cite."  Keep in mind not all sources provide citation instructions.
ICPSR: Citing Data provides examples how to cite datasets. For a specific ICPSR study, on the study page, go to the Study Description section for the citation.  You can copy and paste into your bibliography.  Also, ICPSR citations work with bibliographic management tools such as Zotero.
Michigan State University Libraries' detailed guide on citing data and statistical tables, charts and graphs.

Purdue University Libraries' guide to Citing Data. The guide includes examples.

The Roper Center offers instructions on how to cite its datasets.

University of Minnesota Libraries' guide on Data Citations with examples. 

Organizations Working on Data Citation Standards

DataCite is a not-for-profit organization whose aim is to establish easier access to research data on the Internet, increase acceptance of research data as legitimate, citable contributions to the scholarly record, and support data archiving that will permit results to be verified and re-purposed for future study.

"ORCID is an open, non-profit, community-based effort to provide a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers."